Asthma is a chronic inflammatory respiratory tract disease that makes the airway highly sensitive to irritants. Asthma varies in severity from infrequent, mild wheeze to acute to fatal airway closure. Over 300 million people are estimated to have asthma and the number continues to go up. Asthma is common among children and is associated with other atopic diseases such as eczema and hay fever. If asthma is not addressed urgently it can be fatal and lead to premature death. However, people suffering from asthma can lead a happy life with few to no symptoms. This can be achieved by making some lifestyle changes that can increase your ability to relieve asthma symptoms. This article outlines some of the lifestyle adjustment and self-care which can help you manage your asthma.
The first thing you need is to avoid triggers. You need to identify what triggers your asthma and avoid them. You also need to keep off irritants, pollutants, and allergens. It is recommended you assess the weather condition for allergens before heading out. Besides dust, the chances of triggering an asthmatic attack are high with fragrance sprays. Air fresheners, cleaning sprays, and perfumes can result in lung and respiratory system issues and you need to avoid them as much as possible.
Make it a routine to exercise. You need to build an active lifestyle that includes a regular physical activity which is an excellent way to maintain the health of your lungs. It has also been shown that managing body weight for obese people with asthma improved their symptoms. Although the exact mechanism is not established yet studies have found an association between body weight and asthma.
To improve the quality of the air in the house use humidifiers and air purifiers. If fragrances do not trigger you, use essential oil diffusers. This ensures the air circulating the house is filtered free of dust particles, or pollen grains that can lead to an asthma trigger.
Prioritize taking caffeinated drinks. Caffeine is a bronchodilator and can help in minimizing respiratory muscle fatigue. Studies have shown that caffeine can improve the functioning of the airways for about 4 hours in an asthmatic patient. However, excess consumption of caffeine has no significant effects on asthma, and no scientific evidence available regarding its benefits. Ginger has also been observed to have anti-inflammatory effects on inflamed airways. This can help clear excess mucus and relax the airways. It is worth noting that no enough human trial has been done to establish the efficacy of ginger in asthma treatment.
Make sure you consume enough water. The benefits of drinking water to your health are immeasurable including managing asthma. When you are well hydrated your mucus stays thin which facilitates efficient breathing as well as digestion. At the same time, you need to watch what you eat. You need to avoid foods that trigger asthma especially foods that are high in sugar or fried fats. These foods have been established to increase mucous secretion and its thickening. Those are some of the lifestyle and self-care practices you can apply to manage asthma.